what is agriculture?
Agriculture is the practice of cultivating land, raising animals, and producing food, fiber, and other products for human use. It involves various business activities like planning, budgeting, marketing, and sales, in addition to planting, harvesting, breeding, and managing soil, water, and other natural resources for sustainable production.
what is plantation agriculture?
Plantation agriculture is a type of large-scale commercial farming that involves cultivating cash crops such as coffee, tea, sugarcane, rubber, and palm oil on a large tract of land. It typically uses intensive labor, capital, and technology to maximize yields and profits, often involving the displacement of local communities and environmental concerns.
what kind of water does indian agriculture still depend on?
Indian agriculture still depends heavily on monsoon rains, which provide the majority of the water used for crop cultivation. Despite efforts to increase irrigation coverage, groundwater pumping, and water storage infrastructure, more than half of India’s cultivated area still relies on rainfall for water. This makes Indian agriculture vulnerable to droughts and climate change impacts, highlighting the need for more sustainable water management practices.
when did agriculture start?
The exact time when agriculture started is still debated among scientists, but it is believed to have begun around 10,000-12,000 years ago during the Neolithic period, also known as the New Stone Age. This was a time when humans transitioned from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to a more settled way of life, where they began to cultivate crops and domesticate animals for food and other resources. The earliest evidence of agriculture has been found in several regions around the world, including the Fertile Crescent in the Middle East, China, Mesoamerica, and the Andes.
what is shifting agriculture?
Shifting agriculture, also known as slash-and-burn agriculture or swidden farming, is a traditional farming method that involves clearing land by cutting and burning vegetation and then cultivating crops for a few years before moving on to a new area of land. The cleared land is left to fallow for a period of time to allow the soil to recover and regenerate before being cultivated again. This practice is typically used in tropical regions where the soil is poor, and nutrients are quickly depleted. While it is an effective way to produce food for subsistence, shifting agriculture can lead to soil erosion, deforestation, and loss of biodiversity when not managed sustainably.
what type of agriculture is mainly practised in india?
Agriculture is a vital sector in India, and the type of agriculture practiced varies depending on the region and the agro-climatic conditions. However, the predominant type of agriculture practiced in India is subsistence farming, where farmers mainly cultivate crops to feed their families and sell the surplus in local markets.
The major crops cultivated in India include rice, wheat, maize, pulses, oilseeds, sugarcane, cotton, and jute. Apart from subsistence farming, commercial agriculture, including plantation crops like tea, coffee, and rubber, and horticulture crops like fruits and vegetables, are also important in some regions of the country. Additionally, livestock rearing, forestry, and fishing are also practiced in India.
what is weed in agriculture?
In agriculture, a weed is any unwanted plant that grows in a cultivated field, pasture, or other agricultural land. Weeds are plants that are not intentionally sown or cultivated, but they can still compete with crops for nutrients, water, and sunlight, reducing the yield and quality of the crops. Weeds can be annual or perennial plants, and they can reproduce through seeds, roots, or rhizomes, making them difficult to control. Weed control is an essential part of agriculture and can be achieved through various methods like manual weeding, mechanical methods like hoeing and plowing, and chemical herbicides.
what is bsc agriculture?
BSc Agriculture is an undergraduate degree program that focuses on the scientific principles and practices of agriculture. The program covers a wide range of subjects such as soil science, agronomy, horticulture, plant breeding and genetics, plant pathology, animal husbandry, agricultural economics, and agricultural engineering.
The objective of the BSc Agriculture program is to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of agriculture and its related fields, including the latest techniques and technologies used in modern agriculture. Graduates of the program can pursue careers in agriculture research and development, crop and livestock production, agricultural extension services, food processing industries, agricultural marketing, and related fields. BSc Agriculture degree holders can also opt for higher education such as MSc Agriculture, MBA in Agribusiness, or PhD in Agriculture.
what is agriculture income?
Agriculture income refers to the income earned by farmers or agricultural businesses from various agricultural activities such as crop production, livestock rearing, fisheries, forestry, and related services. This income can be derived from the sale of agricultural products like crops, livestock, fish, and timber, as well as from income generated from related activities like processing, packaging, transportation, and marketing.
Agriculture income can be influenced by various factors such as climate, soil quality, market demand, government policies, and technological advancements. In many countries, agriculture income is an important contributor to the economy, providing employment and income to a significant portion of the population. In some countries, agriculture income may also be eligible for tax exemptions or special treatment under the law.
who is the agriculture minister of india?
As of my knowledge cutoff of September 2021, the Agriculture Minister of India was Narendra Singh Tomar. However, please note that political positions can change over time, and there may have been a new appointment since then.
which industry create more employment in india after agriculture?
After agriculture, the industry that creates the most employment in India is the service sector, which includes a wide range of activities such as trade, transport, communication, banking, finance, insurance, real estate, and professional services. The service sector has been the largest contributor to India’s GDP for the past few years and is expected to continue to grow in the coming years. The sector has created numerous job opportunities, especially in urban areas, and has contributed significantly to the country’s economic development.
In conclusion, while agriculture is an important sector in India, the service sector has emerged as the largest employment generator after agriculture, contributing significantly to the country’s economic growth and development.