What is pulwama attack
The Pulwama attack was a terrorist attack that occurred on February 14, 2019, in the Pulwama district of Jammu and Kashmir, India. A convoy of vehicles carrying security personnel was targeted by a suicide bomber, resulting in the death of 40 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel and injuring many others. The attack was carried out by the Pakistan-based terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM), which claimed responsibility for the attack. The attack was one of the deadliest terrorist attacks in India’s history and sent shockwaves across the nation and drew international condemnation.
What happened in the pulwama attack
The Pulwama attack was a suicide bombing that occurred on February 14, 2019, in the Pulwama district of Jammu and Kashmir, India. A convoy of vehicles carrying 78 buses and other vehicles, carrying approximately 2,500 security personnel, was targeted by a suicide bomber. The bomber drove a car filled with explosives into one of the buses, resulting in a massive explosion that caused significant damage and casualties. The attack resulted in the deaths of 40 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel and injuring many others.
The attack was carried out by a member of the Pakistan-based terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM), which claimed responsibility for the attack. The group has been involved in several terrorist attacks in India and is believed to have close ties to the Pakistani military and intelligence agencies.
The attack sent shockwaves across India, and the nation mourned the loss of its brave soldiers. The Indian government condemned the attack in the strongest possible terms and vowed to take all necessary measures to prevent such attacks in the future.
Following the attack, India launched a massive diplomatic and military offensive against Pakistan, accusing it of harboring and supporting terrorist groups that carry out attacks in India. The international community, including the United States, China, and other countries, condemned the attack and called on Pakistan to take action against terrorist groups operating on its soil.
The Pulwama attack was one of the deadliest terrorist attacks in India’s history, and it has since become a symbol of the ongoing conflict between India and Pakistan over the disputed region of Jammu and Kashmir.
Who attack pulwama
The Pulwama attack was carried out by a member of the Pakistan-based terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM). The group claimed responsibility for the attack, and India has accused Pakistan of harbouring and supporting the group. JeM is a militant organisation that has been involved in several terrorist attacks in India and is believed to have close ties to the Pakistani military and intelligence agencies.
How much rdx used in pulwama attack
According to the investigations carried out by the Indian authorities, it was found that the suicide bomber who carried out the Pulwama attack used around 80 kg of RDX (Research Department Explosive) in the explosives-laden car that he drove into the convoy of Indian security personnel. The use of such a large amount of explosives made the attack one of the deadliest terrorist attacks in India’s history.
Why did the pulwama attack happen?
The Pulwama attack was carried out by the Pakistan-based terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) as a part of their ongoing campaign of violence against India. The group has been operating in the region for several years and has been involved in several terrorist attacks in India, including the 2001 Indian Parliament attack and the 2016 Uri attack.
The immediate trigger for the Pulwama attack was the death of a top JeM commander, Abdul Rashid Ghazi, in a security operation in December 2018. The group vowed to avenge his death and reportedly planned the Pulwama attack as a retaliatory measure.
The attack also took place in the context of the long-standing conflict between India and Pakistan over the disputed region of Jammu and Kashmir. Pakistan has been accused of providing support to various militant groups operating in the region and has been accused of using these groups to carry out attacks against Indian targets.
The Pulwama attack was also seen as an attempt by JeM and their handlers in Pakistan to destabilise the region and provoke India into a military response. The attack resulted in heightened tensions between India and Pakistan and led to a major military confrontation between the two countries in the days following the attack.
Name of soldiers who died in pulwama attack?
Here is the list of the 40 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel who lost their lives in the Pulwama attack on 14th February 2019:
1. ASI Mohan Lal Raturi
2. ASI Naresh Kumar
3. ASI Sukhjinder Singh
4. CT Ashvni Kumar Kaochi
5. CT Maneswar Basumatari
6. CT Narayan Lal Gurjar
7. CT Nasheer Ahmed
8. CT Sanjay Rajput
9. HC Jaipal Singh Yadav
10. HC Naseer Ahmad
11. HC Sukhbir Singh
12. HC Vijay Soreng
13. HC P.K. Sahoo
14. HC R.K. Rana
15. HC Mohan Lal
16. HC Pradeep Kumar
17. HC Shyam Babu
18. HC Tilak Raj
19. HC Vasantha Kumar V.V.
20. HC Virendra Singh
21. Insp. Mohan Lal
22. Insp. N.K. Tiwari
23. Insp. T.K. Giri
24. SI/GD G. Sai Teja
25. SI/GD Nirmal Kumar
26. SI/GD Ramesh Kumar Yadav
27. SI/GD Rohitash Lamba
28. SI/GD Sukhdev Singh
29. SI/GD V. K. Tiwari
30. Ct/GD Vijay Kumar Maurya
31. HC/GD Bablu Santra
32. HC/GD Bhagirathi Singh
33. HC/GD Bijender Singh
34. HC/GD Gangadhar Dolui
35. HC/GD Jeet Ram
36. HC/GD K. Dinesh Raja
37. HC/GD Maninder Singh Attri
38. HC/GD N. Senthil Kumar
39. HC/GD P. Santhosh Kumar
40. HC/GD Prasanna Kumar Sahoo
How did the Indian government respond to the Pulwama attack?
Following the Pulwama attack, the Indian government launched a diplomatic and military response against Pakistan, which it held responsible for the attack. The Indian government condemned the attack in the strongest terms and vowed to take strong action against the perpetrators.
The Indian government took several measures in response to the Pulwama attack. It revoked Pakistan’s Most Favoured Nation status and imposed 200% customs duty on all goods imported from Pakistan. India also launched a diplomatic campaign to isolate Pakistan internationally, with several countries issuing statements in support of India’s fight against terrorism.
On the military front, India launched a pre-dawn air strike on a terrorist training camp in Balakot, Pakistan on February 26, 2019, claiming to have killed a large number of terrorists. This was followed by several other measures, including the deployment of additional troops in Jammu and Kashmir and the revocation of Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, which granted special status to Jammu and Kashmir.
Overall, the Indian government responded to the Pulwama attack with a mix of diplomatic and military measures, aimed at punishing Pakistan for its alleged support to terrorist groups and preventing such attacks in the future.
What was the international reaction to the Pulwama attack?
The Pulwama attack drew widespread condemnation from the international community. Many countries expressed their condolences to the families of the victims and condemned the attack in the strongest terms.
The United States, United Kingdom, France, Russia, and several other countries issued statements condemning the attack and offering their support to India in its fight against terrorism. The United Nations Security Council also condemned the attack and urged all countries to cooperate with India in bringing the perpetrators to justice.
Many countries also called on Pakistan to take action against terrorist groups operating on its soil. The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) also put Pakistan on its grey list for failing to take sufficient action against terror financing.
Overall, the international reaction to the Pulwama attack was one of condemnation and solidarity with India in its fight against terrorism. Many countries called for a concerted effort to combat terrorism and urged Pakistan to take stronger action against terror groups operating on its soil.
How did the Pulwama attack affect India-Pakistan relations?
The Pulwama attack had a significant impact on India-Pakistan relations, leading to a sharp escalation of tensions between the two countries. India held Pakistan responsible for the attack, alleging that it provided support to the terrorist group that carried out the attack.
In response, India launched a pre-dawn air strike on a terrorist training camp in Balakot, Pakistan, which led to a retaliatory strike by Pakistan. The two countries also engaged in heavy cross-border shelling, with several civilians and soldiers being killed on both sides.
The situation further deteriorated when Pakistan captured an Indian Air Force pilot whose aircraft was shot down during the skirmish. The pilot was later released by Pakistan as a goodwill gesture, but the tensions between the two countries remained high.
The Pulwama attack also had political implications in India, with the ruling party using it as a campaign issue in the general elections held later that year. The attack and its aftermath further fueled nationalist sentiments in India and led to calls for a stronger response against terrorism.
Overall, the Pulwama attack had a significant impact on India-Pakistan relations, leading to a sharp escalation of tensions and further straining the already tense relationship between the two countries.
Who claimed responsibility for the Pulwama attack?
The Pakistan-based militant group Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) claimed responsibility for the Pulwama attack. The group is designated as a terrorist organization by many countries, including India, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia.
JeM was founded in 2000 by Maulana Masood Azhar, a former member of another Pakistan-based militant group, Harkat-ul-Mujahideen. The group is known for carrying out several attacks in India, including the 2001 Indian Parliament attack and the 2016 Pathankot airbase attack.
India has accused Pakistan of providing support to JeM and other terrorist groups operating on its soil. Pakistan has denied the allegations, but India maintains that it has provided evidence of Pakistan’s involvement in terrorist activities. The Pulwama attack further strained the already tense relationship between the two countries.
Was there any prior intelligence warning of the Pulwama attack?
Yes, there were reports of prior intelligence warnings about a possible terrorist attack in the Pulwama district of Jammu and Kashmir, where the Pulwama attack eventually took place.
According to media reports, Indian intelligence agencies had warned of a possible attack in the region as early as February 8, 2019, almost a week before the actual attack. The reports suggest that the intelligence inputs had specifically mentioned a possible suicide attack by militants belonging to Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM).
However, despite the intelligence warnings, the attack could not be prevented, and a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (IED) was used to carry out the attack on February 14, 2019. The IED was reportedly made up of around 80 kg of explosives and was detonated when a convoy of vehicles carrying Indian security personnel was passing through the area.
The failure to act on the intelligence inputs led to criticism of the Indian security establishment, with questions being raised about the effectiveness of the intelligence agencies and the security measures in place to prevent such attacks.
What measures were taken to prevent such attacks in the future?
In the aftermath of the Pulwama attack, the Indian government took several measures to prevent such attacks in the future. Some of the key steps taken were:
Strengthening border security: The government deployed additional troops and border security personnel in Jammu and Kashmir and along the India-Pakistan border to strengthen security and prevent infiltration of militants from across the border.
Intelligence sharing: The government also emphasised on better intelligence sharing and coordination among various security agencies to prevent any possible terrorist attack.
Crackdown on terror funding: The government took measures to choke off sources of funding for terror groups operating in the region. Several individuals and organisations suspected of funding terror activities were arrested, and their bank accounts and assets were frozen.
Diplomatic efforts: The government also launched a diplomatic offensive against Pakistan, seeking international support to isolate Pakistan and pressure it to take action against terror groups operating from its soil.
Air strikes: In a major escalation, the Indian Air Force carried out air strikes on a JeM training camp in Balakot, Pakistan, in February 2019, claiming to have killed a large number of terrorists. The move was seen as a message to Pakistan that India would not hesitate to use force to defend itself against terror attacks.
Overall, the Pulwama attack led to a significant shift in India’s counter-terrorism strategy, with a greater emphasis on preventive measures and a more proactive approach to dealing with terror threats.
The Pulwama attack was one of the deadliest terrorist attacks on Indian security forces in recent years. The attack, which was carried out by a Pakistan-based terrorist group, resulted in the deaths of 40 Indian paramilitary personnel, and led to a major escalation in India-Pakistan tensions.
The attack highlighted the ongoing problem of cross-border terrorism and the need for stronger measures to prevent such attacks in the future. The Indian government responded with a series of measures, including strengthening border security, cracking down on terror funding, and launching diplomatic efforts to isolate Pakistan.
The attack also highlighted the need for greater international cooperation in the fight against terrorism. The international community condemned the attack and expressed solidarity with India, with several countries calling for Pakistan to take action against the terrorist groups operating from its soil.
Overall, the Pulwama attack was a tragic event that had a profound impact on India’s security policies and the broader regional security situation. It underscored the ongoing threat of terrorism and the need for a concerted global effort to combat this menace.